Using Internat Primary Sources

**The information contained below was written and compiled by Carolyn Johnson and appears in her book USING INTERNET PRIMARY SOURCES TO TEACH CRITICAL THINKING IN THE SCIENCES (published by Libraries Unlimited, Fall 2002)


1.  (A) Identify the five tests Apgar suggests for “simple, clear classification or "grading" of newborn infants. (B) Explain Score ratings in Paper in connection with fair, good and poor conditions.

2.  If a newborn baby has a 2 rating for test #1 and a 1 rating for test #2, what is the baby”s condition?

3.  How are test descriptions and timing somewhat different on the Apgar Chart at the Apgar Score Chart (1998) site from what Apgar states in her paper? [See web address for Apgar Score Chart (1998) under Related Sites at end of this chapter].

4.  Today, besides the Apgar tests, other tests are given to newborns. [See information at web sites on Table & Fact Sheets of AAP Newborn Screening Tests, March of Dimes” Public Health Information Sheet, and Newborn Screening Practitioners Manual (whose web addresses are cited under Related Sites below)]. Should any tests be given? Which tests do you think: (a) are essential? (b) may not be necessary?

5.  Some tests require a baby”s heel to be pricked to obtain blood. Another test requires a suction device to be used in a baby”s nose. Should these invasive procedures, usually stressful and painful, be done? Why? or Why not?

6.  (A) Should special tests automatically be given if there is a family history of a medical condition? (B) Should parents” religious beliefs be followed (a) always? (b) sometimes? even if baby”s condition seems to require medical attention? (C) Who should judge these situations? How?

7. Visit official Apgar web page. Its address is at Related Sites below. Note the acronym developed to help people remember Apgar test types at a glance. How does it help one remember? Make an acronym for something else science-related. Describe its value.